Introductory Courses

Methods Course

Intermediate Courses and Advanced Courses by Region

Middle East

Africa

Western Europe

United States

Eastern Europe and Russia

Latin America

East Asia

Transregional

 

Colloquia

Research Seminars

Honors and Individual Study

Introductory Courses

HIST 105: History of the Modern World

This course surveys modern world history from 1450 to the present. It focuses on global processes and regional particularities throughout the world (including the United States). Each instructor will choose several themes for students to engage with through targeted readings and class discussion in small sections. In addition, there is a weekly “lab” in which all students enrolled in the class will engage in large group activities like attending outside lectures or watching selected films. Offered: Fall semester. Staff

HIS 111: Introduction to History: Witchcraft and Evil Spirits in Europe, 1100-1700

This seminar addresses the problem of witchcraft in early modern Europe, especially the great increase in trials and executions of accused witches in the years 1400-1700, the so-called “witch craze.”  Students will read historical sources and write a substantial research paper addressing whether there really were witches in Europe and why there was a great upsurge in European witchcraft trials and persecutions, 1428-1700. Students prepare weekly reading reports and oral reports on primary source material. [W] Prof. Fix

HIS 112: Introduction to History: Slavery and the Civil War

This course will use the American Civil War to introduce students to history as a story-telling art and a mode of critical thinking. [W] Prof. Miller

HIS 113: Introduction to History: Jacksonian Democracy

This course examines the events and ideas of the Jacksonian era, focusing especially on the period from 1828 to 1845. We consider different explanations for the rise of Jacksonian Democracy and different perspectives on what Jacksonian Democracy meant. The course introduces students to the ways in which historians study and interpret past events.  Students learn how historians analyze primary sources and develop their own analytical skills through intensive writing assignments. [W] Prof. Rosen

HIS 114: Introduction to History: Food Histories in the Americas

What can food tell us about the past? In this writing-intensive history course, we will consider this question by focusing on two main themes: (1) the business and politics of food production and consumption; and (2) the links between cookbooks, identity, and memory. Like the foods we will discuss, our analysis will traverse the Americas. Students will write and present a research paper that uses one or more cookbooks from this region as primary sources. [W] Prof. Pite

HIS 115: Introduction to History: The Crusades

This course examines the history of the Crusades that dramatically shaped the relationship between Eastern Christianity, Islam, and Western Christianity. The ideological, religious, political, and economic factors that led to the Crusades will be treated, as well as the ways in which the consequences of the Crusades altered East-West relations. We will carefully study primary sources composed by Western Christian Crusaders, Byzantine (Eastern Christian) authors, Muslim philosophers, and many others. [W] Prof. Goshgarian

HIS 116: Introduction to History: Holocaust

This seminar is an overview of the Holocaust, using a wide variety of historical sources such as several document collections, literature, films, and several complementary historical texts.  Weekly participation is expected, and students keep a lengthy journal as a means of class preparation and learning.  We also spend much class time discussing both the “nuts and bolts” of student research papers, and the content of these papers as well.  No prior knowledge is expected, just a willingness to work hard.  [W] Prof. Weiner

HIS 118: Introduction to History: The Cold War

The Cold War was a political contest between the USA and the USSR that took on increasingly apocalyptic dimensions as the nuclear age developed. But, the war also extended well beyond the political. It framed discussions about cultures and economies, history and the future, and the nature of civilization. This course allows students to explore various aspects of this conflict through the study of primary sources from around the world and through their own writing. [W] Prof. Sanborn

HIST 119:  Introduction to History: Race and Ethnicity in America 1500 to the Present

The story of American history has, in many ways, been the story of white supremacy.  The struggles to invent, define, and control race and ethnicity in North America took place over centuries, and transformed governments, labor systems, and even environments.  Students will read and debate historical scholarship on topics ranging from Indian empires to slavery, immigration, civil rights, and mass-incarceration.  Students will also learn how to research, write, and revise a historical research paper. [W] Prof. Zallen

HIST 120:  Introduction to History:  History in Pictures

This course is an introduction to the interpretation and analysis of visual sources of history. Visual artifacts will be treated as both objects that make arguments and claims, but also as artifacts that preserve evidence and can be used as data. Famous photographs in the history of documentation, such as Crimean War, “Earth-View,” and the Abu-Ghraib photos will be analyzed as images that “made history.” We will also study photographs forensically, to ascertain true facts about the past. We will also mine photographs from magazines, newspapers, online collections and websites such as Flickr to analyze groups of images systematically. [TR] Prof. Barclay

HIST 121:  Introduction to History:  Partition of the Indian Subcontinent

One of the most violent and disruptive events of the 20th century, the Partition of the Indian subcontinent into the nation-states of India and Pakistan in 1947 continues to play a staggering role in the postcolonial histories of both countries. This course will go into the high politics of the Partition, its human costs, and its continued impact on everyday life through oral history. The course will also examine the impact of Partition in literature and cinema. [MW] Prof. Kanjwal

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Intermediate Courses

HIST 206: The Politics and Practice of History

This course trains students in the skills, methods, philosophies, and practices of the discipline of history. Students learn how the practice of history has changed over time, the problems and potential of historical evidence, and the role history plays in forming structures of individual and collective awareness. Strong emphasis is placed on learning key research and analytical skills. Potential history majors should take this course in their sophomore year. Open to majors and non-majors. Staff

HIST 207: The Middle East, 600-1800: The Islamic Enterprise

This course studies the Middle East from the seventh through the early thirteenth century. The goal of the course is to provide a survey of the political, social, and cultural movements of this region over the course of six hundred years. Questions that frame the course include: How did the political/social culture of Islam develop? What were the reactions to it? How did the expansion of new linguistic and cultural groups into areas of the Middle East affect the region? Prof. Goshgarian

HIST 208: The Middle East, 1200-1700: Arabs, Crusaders, Mongols, Turks, and More

This course studies the Middle East from the thirteenth through the seventeenth century. The goal of the course is to provide a survey of the political, social, and cultural movements of this region over the course of five hundred years. This course will offer students an opportunity to learn a great deal about Islam, the fall and development of empires, and the importance of urban and social history. Prof. Goshgarian

HIST 209: The Middle East (1700-2003)

This course studies the Middle East from the eighteenth through early twentieth century. The goal of the course is to provide a survey of the political, social, and cultural movements of this region over the course of three hundred years. How do we define the Middle East? What role did Europe play in the early modern Middle East? What did “modernizing” leaders aim to do in Egypt, Iran, and Turkey? What roles has the US played in the Middle East since WWI? Prof. Goshgarian

HIST 212:  Middle East in the Mind of America, America in the Mind of the Middle East

This course covers a century of political and cultural interactions between one country (the United States) and a large culturally, linguistically, and politically diverse region (the Middle East).  The class studies, in particular, the variety of ways in which individuals, institutions, and administrations in the United States and the Middle East have perceived of and imagined one another through the lens of academic articles, mainstream press, speeches, literature, personal histories and the visual arts.  The course will entail analysis of perceptions and misperceptions as historically construed cultural categories. Prof. Goshgarian.

HIST 213: Pre-Colonial African History: Human Origins through the Atlantic Slave Trade

This course explores the rich and varied civilizations and cultures in Africa, as well as how elements of these cultures have been carried throughout the world. We begin with human origins on the continent, and examine African kingdoms, trade, and technology before the era of Atlantic trade. We look at the origins of scientific racism and debates about African participation in and resistance to slaving. This course provides a survey of the major social, economic, religious, and political movements in Africa through the era of the Atlantic slave trade. Prof. Lee

HIST 214: African History: 1880-Present

Focusing on sub-Saharan Africa, we begin by exploring the impact of the abolition of the Atlantic slave trade on Africa and move to the establishment of—and resistance to—European colonial rule. We look at the impact of the two world wars on Africa as well as the rise in nationalism and movements for independence. In the post-colonial period, we explore Cold War politics in Africa, and address issues including the end of apartheid in South Africa. It is helpful, but not necessary, for students to have taken HIST 213. Prof. Lee

HIST 215: History of Technology

A study of technology from the irrigation cities of the ancient world through militarily financed systems of the late twentieth century. The course stresses the important role played by cultural influences in determining the nature, extent, and direction of technological development. Attention focuses on processes of invention and innovation and their impact on the growth of modern Western civilization. Prof. Jackson

HIST 221: The Medieval World

A study of European history from the fall of the Roman Empire to the fifteenth century. The course focuses upon the interplay of political, economic, and ideological forces in the development and decline of medieval civilization, and attempts to assess the relationship of the Middle Ages to the Italian Renaissance. Prof. Fix

HIST 222: Emergence of Western Europe

Europe from the Renaissance to the early Enlightenment. The first half of the course concentrates on the Renaissance, the second half on the foundations of modern Europe. The emphasis in the second is on the interrelationship of socioeconomic change, the new European political order, and the intellectual revolution of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Prof. Fix

HIST 225: The Age of Revolution

The course centers on the French Revolution, beginning with an examination of its eighteenth century social, economic, and intellectual roots, continuing with the Revolution itself, and ending with an assessment of its aftermath up to 1848. An underlying theme of the course is the connection between the Industrial Revolution and the political revolutions of 1789, 1830, and 1848. Prof. Fix

HIST 226: Sex in Modern Europe

This course takes a historical approach to the study of one of the most basic human practices: sex. We will focus on the history of sex and gender (the social organization of sexual difference) in modern Europe.  We will trace how particular sexual behaviors have been practiced and/or prohibited, the ways that medical, moral, and political authorities attempted to discipline sexuality, and the ways that gender affected political, social, and economic processes across the continent. Prof. Sanborn

HIST 227: Europe: 1850-1917

This course examines the operation of the European state system, the impact of the Industrial Revolution, nationalism, and imperialism on European politics and culture, and the tensions and crises that culminated in the breakdown of the European state system during World War I. [W] Prof. Weiner

HIST 228: Europe: World War I to the Present

This course examines the development of European politics and culture since World War I, with particular emphasis on the impact of the Great War and the Russian Revolution, the age of dictators, the origins and impact of World War II, and the rebuilding of European society since 1945 under the shadow of Soviet-American hegemony. [W] Prof. Weiner

HIST 230: Early American History, 1600-1840

This course is an introduction to American political, economic, and social history in the colonial, revolutionary, and early national periods. The course examines the place of the American colonies in the Atlantic World; European-Indian relations; slavery and the origins of racism; the causes and impact of the American Revolution; the rise of political parties; industrialization and commercial development; reform movements; and changes in social structure, religion, ethnicity, and gender roles. Prof. Rosen

HIST 231: Capitalism Takes Command:  U.S. History, 1840-1940

This course explores how, from 1840-1940, struggles among North Americans over questions of land, race, gender, labor, and idealogy shaped the rise of modern capitalism and democracy in the United States.  Topics include:  Indian wars and western expansion, slavery and the Civil War, white supremacy and patriarchy, immigration and industrialization, the Progressive Movement, World War I, civil rights and the Ku Klux Klan; the Great Depression; and the New Deal.  Prof. Zallen.

HIST 232: The American Revolution and Civil War: A Political History

This course examines American political history in two crucial time periods: 1760-1789 and 1850-1880. The first half of the course examines the political debates of the late colonial period leading up to the Declaration of Independence, the main concepts of the American Revolution, and the drafting and ratification of the Constitution. The second half analyzes political conflicts that led to the Civil War, debates about slavery and national power during the war, and reconstruction policies implemented after the war. This course is intended to provide you with a broad base of knowledge about the American Revolution and the Civil War, an understanding of how political developments during the two eras defined the American political structure and values, and an awareness of the place of the American Revolution and the Civil War in historical memory. Prof. Rosen

HIST 233: Creating a Nation: U.S. History, 1789-1826

This course examines the creation of an American political system and the development of American identity during the first few decades of the nation’s history, including how power was allocated among the President, Congress, the federal courts, and the states, as well as how the national economy and a system for raising revenue were established. Other topics include how that generation defended the country against foreign threats and dealt with the challenges of sectional and racial divisions. Prof. Rosen

HIST 234: Slavery, Civil War, and Reconstruction

This course examines American slavery, the Civil War, and the Reconstruction era. Staff

HIST 236: Recent America: The Great Depression through the 1980s

American politics from the Age of Roosevelt to the Age of Reagan. Topics include the New Deal; World War II and the home front; Truman and the Fair Deal; McCarthyism; corporate culture of the 1950s; the Civil Rights movement; the Great Society; the politics of protest; the quest for equality; the rise and decline of Reaganism. Prof. Jackson
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or higher

HIST 237: The Story of World War II

World War II was perhaps the greatest story, as well as the greatest catastrophe, in human history. This course tells the epic story of the war through the words of American soldiers, sailors, and airmen, as well as nurses, war correspondents, and innocent civilians caught in the ruin and agony of the world’s first total war, a war fought without mercy or letup. Primary sources include letters and diaries from the front lines, war reportage, and novels and films made during and after the war. [W] Prof. Miller

HIST 238:  Global Stimulants: Histories of Coffee, Tea, and Yerba Mate

For more than five hundred years now, the desire for global stimulants has shaped patterns of colonialism, imperialism, labor, and social relations. Adopting a global history approach, this course will center the histories of three stimulating, caffeine-rich beverages-coffee, tea, and yerba mate. Our coursework will include an analysis of relevant secondary scholarship with primary historical source work, and will culminate in student-designed digital collections that feature a global stimulant. [TR] Prof. Pite

HIST 241/ART 241/REES 241: History, Art, and Culture of Russia and Eastern Europe

This course introduces students to the major issues addressed by scholars of Russia and Eastern Europe in a number of different disciplines: history, art, literature, government, economics, religious studies, and music. Each week, we treat a different era of history, reading literature, viewing slides, listening to music, and discussing social and political developments. Students will read the Great Russian writers, examine religious culture and architecture, and learn about life in Russia and Eastern Europe today. Prof. Sanborn and Prof. Sinkevic

HIST 243: Imperial Russia

This course surveys 1000 years of Russian history, from the founding of the first state in Kiev in the ninth century to the end of the Great Reforms in the nineteenth century. Students read primary documents, recent scholarship, and Russian literature in an effort to understand Russia’s old regime. Topics addressed include Russia’s position in Asia and Europe, the nature of the autocracy, the impact of serfdom, and attempts to create a public sphere. Prof. Sanborn

HIST 244: 20th Century Russia

This course surveys Russia’s history over the past century.Beginning with the years of war and revolution from 1914-1921, we continue with an appraisal of Stalin and Stalinism, a discussion of the Soviet experience in World War II, and a study of the years of “mature socialism” between 1953-1991. The course concludes with an examination of post-Soviet Russia and the nature of life, culture, and politics in Russia today. Prof. Sanborn

HIST 245: Latin America: The Colonial Period

This course examines the colonial era of a region now called Latin America. It will begin with the period preceding the arrival of Christopher Columbus and end with the early nineteenth-century wars of independence. Focusing on the interactions between Native Americans, Africans, and Europeans, we will explore the evolution of a number of multiethnic societies. We will consider how colonialism survived for 300 years, why the system collapsed, and what legacies it left behind. Prof. Pite

HIST 246: Latin America: The National Period

This course examines the history of Latin America from the early nineteenth century until the present by exploring the social, political, cultural, ideological, and economic issues that surrounded the development of modern nation states. We will not attempt the impossible task of “covering” all of modern Latin American history. Instead, we will focus on revealing case studies that help us to better understand the historical trends, power dynamics, and regional diversity of the Americas. Prof. Pite

HIST 247: East Asia from Neolithic to Feudal Times

Survey of Japanese and Chinese prehistory and respective myths of origin. Introduction to canonical texts of each tradition. Course members analyze persistence, diffusion, and change in the domains of East Asian state-craft, economic life, social organization, and culture. Prof. Barclay

HIST 248: East Asia’s Last Dynasties: Japan, Korea, and China, 1600-1900

A comparative study of institution-building, economic life, and social history in China, Korea, and Japan from 1600 to 1900. Themes include: impact of economic growth and urbanization on agrarian societies; the transition from empire to nation-state; and the interactions of China, Japan, and the Western powers on the eve of dynastic collapse. Prof. Barclay

HIST 249: 20th Century East Asia: Imperialism and Anti-Imperialism in China, Korea, and Japan

An historical analysis of how East Asia’s four major states—China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan—modernized amidst forces of global integration and regional conflict between 1850 and 1945. Instead of “reacting to the West,” this course argues that the economies, polities, and national identities these four nations formed with reference to one another, in the context of Japanese imperialism and Chinese, Korean, and Taiwanese anti-imperialism. Prof. Barclay

HIST 250: East Asian Social History: Work, Family and School in Japan, China

Memoirs, diaries, fiction and documentary are utilized to probe the history of everyday life in modern East Asia. Persistence and change in so-called traditional patterns of economic, family and educational behavior in comparative perspective. The problem of “culture” as an explanatory device for behavior in each country will frame our approach to the materials. Prof. Barclay

HIST 252: Transformation of the American Environment

This course examines the relationship of environment (and environmental change) to American history. Topics include the growth of urban industrial areas and the transformation of rural hinterlands, the effect of transportation technologies (e.g. railroads and automobiles) on land use, the conflict between “environmental protection” and “conservation” as exemplified in the progressive era battle over construction of Hetch Hetchy Dam in Yosemite National Park, and the environmental movement of the 1960-1970s. Prof. Jackson

HIST 253, 254: European Thought, Society, and Culture

European culture and society from the High Middle Ages to the present. The courses offer a variety of texts from literature, philosophy, political theory, and economics, through the perspective provided by works on social history.  Prof. Fix

HIST 256: Themes in History

Themes and instructors change in response to interests of departmental members. These courses may deal thematically with a single region or may have a Trans-regional or comparative focus. Staff

HIST 258: U.S. Constitutional History

This course analyzes the history of the U.S. Constitution from 1787 to the present.  We will focus primarily on two main topics in constitutional history:  (1) federalism, property rights, and economic regulation and (2) civil rights and civil liberties.  The main objective of the course is to provide you with a broad understanding of the changing role of the Constitution in American society and the ways in which the Supreme Court’s interpretations have been shaped by social, economic, and political developments.  Additionally, the course assignments and classroom exercises are designed to help you strengthen your ability to read written texts closely, think logically and analytically, and articulate your ideas clearly and persuasively.  Prof. Rosen

HIST 261: Making African America, 1500-1880

Making America into African America was a process of extraordinary violence, economic productivity, and transcendent humanity.  Focusing on the lived politics of the millions of unfree African Americans and their struggles to build new worlds in and against American slavery, students will explore how the making of African America radically transformed Atlantic capitalism and the United States, from the transatlantic slave trade, to Haiti, to the overthrow of U.S. slavery in the nineteenth century.  Prof. Zallen

HIST 265: Modern Jewish History

A survey of the Jewish experience in modern times which focuses primary attention on developments in Europe, the United States, and the Middle East, and analyzes such issues as the process of Jewish emancipation, the rise of political anti-Semitism and the Holocaust, the Zionist movement, and the emergence of the state of Israel. Readings include documents, memoirs, short stories, and secondary sources. Prof. Weiner

HIST 275: Crossing the Americas: Latin American Migration and Latinos

In this course, we will trace Latin American migration to and within the United States over the course of the twentieth century. We will map the various turning points in the local and federal treatment of immigration to the U.S. and examine the cultural heterogeneity of migrant groups from Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central America. By combining the fields of history and discourse analysis, this team-taught course will explore cultural identity formation and the politics of representation as well as the complex historical, legal, and political issues that surround the phenomenon of migration. The first of the three main themes of this course, “Moving,” will provide a historical overview of the push/pull factors that have shaped Latin American migration. In the section on “Mapping,” we will trace legal and demographic dynamics of Latin American migration over time and place. During the final part of the course, entitled “Telling,” we will analyze memoirs and testimonials that speak to diverse immigrant experiences. Prof. Pite

HIST 276: Conquest: A History

This course will examine the global history of conquest from ancient times to the present. We will study conquests by Assyrians, Persians, Greeks, Mauryans, Chinese, Romans, Mongols, Malinke, Aztecs, Incas, Songhai, Ottomans, Mughals, Spanish, British, Manchus, Asante, Russians, Americans, Japanese, and others throughout history. We will consider why they conquered, what their ideologies and justifications were, how they achieved and maintained their conquests, how the conquests fit with contemporary legal standards, and what the impacts of the conquests were. Prof. Rosen

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Colloquia

HIST 305: History Colloquium

Discussion of consequential historical issues and major new monographs. The topic varies according to the scholarly interests of the instructor. This is NOT a history research seminar. Staff

HIST 310: Colloquium: Human Rights and Modern War

This is an intensive course focused on the ways that the language and practice of human rights have intersected with the practices and justifications of “modern war”. Increasing transnational ties by both states and non-state actors have allowed for the globalization both of rights talk and of the tools and techniques of organized violence. The course will focus both on twentieth century genocides and on “wars on terror” in the US and Russia. Prof. Sanborn

HIST 315: Colloquium: Nation Building in Iraq, Vietnam, Philippines

Is the United States an Imperialist Power? To answer this question, we will examine American nation-building efforts in the Philippine Islands (1899-1953), Vietnam (1950-1975) and Iraq (2003-  ). Course members will analyze and discuss scholarly works and primary sources, as well as theoretical works that illuminate connections and points of comparison.  Writing will emphasize synthesis and criticism of secondary works. Prof. Barclay
Prerequisites: One of the following courses: HIST 105, HIST 249, HIST 262; GOVT 102, GOVT 103 or permission of instructor 

HIST 345: Colloquium: History of Argentina

This class explores the history of Argentina during the past two centuries. We will analyze specific topics including: independence, immigration, Peronism, consumption, and political violence. In so doing, we will encounter several intriguing historical figures, including Juan and Evita Peron. In considering their stories alongside others, we will focus on the ways in which Argentines have sought to create a sense of national community deeply inflected with gender, class, race, and ethnic markers. Prof. Pite

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Research Seminars

HIST 352: Seminar: The Enlightenment

This seminar is centered around reading and working with primary sources from the European Enlightenment. It culminates in the writing of a lengthy research paper. [W] Prof. Fix
Prerequisite: HIST 206 and HIST 225 or permission of instructor 

HIST 354: Seminar: World War I

This course focuses on the social and political history of the “Great War.” During World War I, European empires engaged in savage, armed conflict with one another, and the outcome for much of the continent was personal loss and political anarchy. Students will become acquainted with the key scholarship on this period and will write major research papers of their own. Students fulfilling the REES capstone must focus their paper on Russia or Eastern Europe. [W] Prof. Sanborn

HIST 358: Seminar: America in the 1920s and 1930s

This seminar focuses on American social and cultural history in the tumultuous years between World War I and II. Topics include the new American Automobile culture, the rise of advertising, the evolution of radio, Prohibition and organized crime, architecture and urban planning, visions of cities of the future, immigration restriction, the Klu Klux Klan, the controversy over teaching Darwin in public schools, major fiction and films of the period, racial tension and violence, and radicalism and reform during the Great Depression. Students will be introduced to these topics through primary sources, including newspaper, magazines, novels, and films. This is a seminar. Heavy emphasis is placed on written assignments and in-class discussion. [W] Prof. Miller

HIST 359: Seminar: Early American History

The Seminar in Early American History is a research seminar focusing on a special topic, “Abolitionist and Civil Rights Movements in Early American History.”  We will examine the strategies, tactics, and rhetoric used by early American activists who sought to abolish slavery, eliminate racial discrimination in criminal law and process, establish legal protections against racial violence, and obtain fundamental rights for African Americans.  Assigned readings early in the semester will provide a broad foundation of knowledge about the topic from the perspectives of social, political, legal, religious, cultural, literary, and media history.  The rest of the course will be devoted to researching and writing a substantial research paper.  The assignments are designed to help you deepen your knowledge of early American history, learn about the history of movements for social change, improve your ability to read critically and think historically, acquire expertise in analyzing primary sources, and strengthen your research and writing skills.  [W] Prof. Rosen

HIST 362: Seminar: The Boxer Rebellion: Imperialism and Resistance in East Asia

In the summer of 1900, Beijing was overrun by foreign armies who came to rescue Western diplomats from the clutches of armed bands of Chinese rebels known to history as the “Boxers.” The gory highlights of this prolonged encounter, which eventually brought down the world’s largest empire, have been the stuff of legend, film, and political gamesmanship.  This course will examine the various causes of the Boxer Rebellion from a historian’s perspective. We shall ask: “Were Boxer atrocities an outbreak of irrational violence, or acts of local self-defense against over-bearing imperialists?” [W] Prof. Barclay
Prerequisites: One of the following courses: HIST 206, 231, 243, 246, 248, 249, 250, or 261 or permission of instructor  

HIST 363. Seminar: Imperialism, War and Visual Culture in East Asia, 1874-1945 (crosslisted with FAMS 363)

In light of the radical impact the war had on Americans and Asians in the 1940s, it is understandable that Japan’s military adventurism is often viewed from the perspective of combatants and victims. Nonetheless, an overly simplistic view of Japan as a fundamentally predatory and martial state—”Japan as villain”—is unsatisfactory from an historical standpoint. Such demonology fails to explain why a country that fought no foreign wars between 1600 and 1895, and again from 1945 to 2010, joined in the great EuroAmerican scramble for colonies of the Victorian era and mobilized itself for total war from 1931-1945. In this seminar, we shall probe the motivations, sentiments, and political views of the Japanese aggressors to ask ourselves just how exceptional they were in light of global trends in nationalism, imperialism, and diplomacy in the first half of the twentieth century. [W] Prof. Barclay
Prerequisites: One of the following courses: HIST 206, 236, 237, 244, 248, 249, 250, or 261 or permission of instructor 

HIST 365: Seminar: American Technological Development

The growth of American technology is examined from the early years of the Republic through the twentieth century. Topics include the cultural impact of firearms in Colonial New England; interchangeable parts and the implementation of mass production; the factory as system and community; railroads and corporate structure; innovation and regulation in hydraulic engineering; and the role of the military in developing “modern” technologies. Extensive readings from recent important books and articles in the history of technology are the basis for class discussion. [W] Prof. Jackson
Prerequisites: either HIST 215 or HIST 252 or permission of instructor

HIST 368: Seminar: Latin American History

“Ordinary and Extraordinary Women in Latin American History.” In this seminar, we will interweave analysis of well-known Latin American women with an exploration of their less famous female counterparts. To explore the gendered texture of women’s lives, we will read and discuss some of the best historical scholarship along with autobiographies, testimonials, images, and films. We will use this rich source base to analyze how Latin American women’s lives have been shaped by changing dynamics of gender, class, race, and sexuality. Further, we will carefully consider the question of ordinariness by regularly asking what made some women (as individuals and as parts of groups) seem more or less common both to their peers and to subsequent scholars. Students will contribute to this discussion by researching, writing, and presenting a primary source-based seminar paper on a related topic. [W] Prof. Pite

HIST 371: Seminar: New Worlds for All:  Native America from the Pleistocene to the United States

Humans had been transforming the Americas and themselves for over 500 generations before Columbus “discovered” the New World.  This course takes a long view of North American history by placing native people at its center.  Students will read, research, and write about: native histories before European contact; how people of Indian, European, and African descent came together to create new, often violent worlds; and how native people have been written out of U.S. history.  Students will also learn how to research, write, and review a historical research paper.  This is a writing intensive course that meets the “W” requirement.  This course will also require a considerable amount of reading.  There are no exams for this course. [W] Prof. Zallen

HIST 373: Seminar: The Early Ottoman Empire: People(s), State and Society

This seminar offers an inter-disciplinary approach to the study of the rise and establishment of the early Ottoman Empire.  Covering the rise of the early Ottoman state from the perspective of the mechanisms by which a small frontier principality became a world empire, it focuses intimately on the first centuries of the Ottoman enterprise such that a deeper understanding of the way in which empire is built can be understood.  This course will examine the ways in which the Ottoman state centralized its resources and the populations it conquered.  Using a wide array of primary sources, this course will also encourage students to engage with texts in order to encourage students to actively participate in the conversation on the rise and establishment of the Ottoman Empire. [W] Prof. Goshgarian

HIST 374: Seminar: Politics and the Arts: France, 1919-1945

An analysis of the major historical and artistic developments during the late Third Republic and World War II, with particular emphasis on the interconnection of history, literature, and the other arts. The course is value-oriented, focusing on the individual’s capacity to resist totalitarianism, the role of artists and intellectuals in society, and modern alienation. [W] Prof. Weiner

HIST 375: Seminar: African History

Each year, this course addresses a major topic in African History. The course may examine a particular time period in-depth or it may focus on a theme in African history. In this seminar, students will read and discuss historical literature on the chosen topic, and they will write a research paper based on extensive use of primary sources. [W] Prof. Lee Prerequisites: either HIST 213 or HIST 214 or permission of instructor

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Honors and Individual Study

HIST 280, 281: Internship in History

The department will help students arrange internships with such agencies as Historic Easton, the Canal Museum, Main Street Program in Easton, PA, Historic Bethlehem, etc. Written reports and conferences required.  Enrollment limited by availability of acceptable projects.  Signature of the department head required.  Staff

HIST 290, 291: Independent Study

Qualified students may develop, in consultation with an instructor in the department, a single-semester course directed to a particular theme or topic of historical inquiry, providing practice in historical research and writing. Signature of the department head or instructor required. Staff.

HIST 495, 496: Thesis

Guided by a member of the staff, the student writes a thesis in a specialized field. If at the end of the first semester the student’s project appears to have honors potential, the student may apply to pursue graduation with honors. Upon satisfactory completion of the essay, the student takes an oral examination on the thesis and its historical field. Signature of department head or instructor required. [W] Staff

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